What does red thread disease look like?
The first clue that your lawn may be suffering from red thread disease is the appearance of small straw-coloured patches in the sward. These patches usually have an irregular shape and you may notice a pinkish tinge to them.
Look a bit closer and you’ll see that there are tiny pink-coloured threads attached to each blade of grass. There may also be a pale coloured cobweb-like structure at the base of the plant.
This is typical of red thread disease.
What causes red thread disease?
Red thread disease is caused by a microscopic fungus called Laetisaria fuciformis.
The fungus lies dormant in the soil or the thatch layer until conditions are right for it to grow and multiply. This particular fungal infection loves temperatures of between 15 and 25 degrees celcius and a lovely moist environment. Consequently, it tends to be most active in spring and autumn.
Red thread will affect under nourished lawns much more than healthy grass. However, as our climate warms gardeners are reporting this disease on some of the UK’s best kept lawns.
How to treat red thread disease
Most outbreaks of the disease will be corrected simply by feeding the lawn. Well fed roots and grass can outgrow the damage done by the disease. That means that the unsightly spots soon disappear.
In severe or stubborn cases, the team at Turfonline recommend contacting a local lawn care professional. Trained professionals usually have access to chemical fungicides which can be used to treat the disease. However, specialist fungicides can be quite costly, so you may prefer to let nature take its course. Most lawns recover in time – they just look a bit odd for a while.
How to avoid red thread disease
The best way to avoid red thread disease is to create conditions that the fungus doesn’t like.
Of course you can’t control the temperature, but you can make sure that your grass drains as well as possible.
Trim trees and bushes to make sure there is plenty of ventilation to help evaporate surface moisture. Scarify and aerate your lawn at least once a year to improve drainage. Scarifying also removes the thatch layer which often harbours fungal spores.
Remember to feed your lawn regularly all year round. Use the correct formulation for the season and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.