Within the UK, vehicle-borne threats range from small scale vandalism, to much larger scale aggressive terrorist attack and criminal damage. With the constant evolution of terrorism, and the on-going development of new methods to combat it, the convenience and easy movement of vehicles mean they remain a convenient means of attack, whether simply for the transportation of an explosive device, or with the vehicle itself being used as a weapon. The following information is designed as brief guidance, to help identify the risks posed by vehicle-borne threats, evaluate strengths and vulnerabilities of existing measures, and to help identify possible solutions for implementing suitable Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) measures.
Before determining the HVM measures required, it is important to first understand the nature and risk posed by possible threats, such as the method and likely motive of possible attack, along with possible vehicle types. With many attacks targeted at pedestrian areas using large vehicles such as trucks and lorries, it is important to correctly identify suitable products to mitigate such threats.
After determining the nature and risk of the threat posed, a methodical approached should be taken in order to establish and highlight any existing security vulnerabilities. This can include a practical assessment of the site, and evaluation of issues such as vehicle access points, authorised traffic, pedestrian footfall, and existing security. This can be combined with discussions and advice from organisations such as CPNI and the Department for Transport.
Once the site assessment is complete and objectives are identified, a range of options can be incorporated into the HVM strategy. This includes traffic management and vehicle restriction projects using vehicle security barriers (VSB), such as PAS 68 and IWA 14 rated security bollards. Designed to determine when and how authorised traffic will access the area, the bollards can be integrated with PLC-based controllers to allow for a complete and bespoke HVM traffic management solution.
The integration of HVM measures and security bollards within the public realm is becoming increasingly common within the UK, and can help to provide the required level of security without too much disruption to local residents, local businesses or the functionality of the public space.
Macs supplies a range of automatic and fixed security bollards suitable for use in hostile vehicle mitigation projects, having been tested to meet numerous crash rating standards such as BSI PAS 68 and IWA 14.