Ground Engineering, Hard Landscaping, Traffic Control, Leisure & Recreation, Soft Landscaping
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  • Introduction to preformed fountains
    Fountains can be either contemporary or traditional in style. Traditional fountains are typically based on early originals from the 15th to 19th Century. These reproductions are often made using cast or natural stone and are suitable for decorative use in private gardens, parks and heritage sites. Contemporary fountains have a minimal, sleek...
    Guidance, 18 January 2013
  • Introduction to grass seed
    Grass seed mixtures are tailored to provide certain characteristics for specific requirements. They might include fescues for drought tolerance, ryegrasses for fast growth, or browntop bents for high, dense shoots. General landscape mixes are suitable for general-purpose park, lawn and sports turf. They are economical and quick to establish. Their...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to combined drainage kerbs
    Combined drainage kerbing is used on highways, streets, carriageways, roundabouts and car parks for the dual purposes of delineation and leading rainwater off the road. Inlet holes in the one- or two-part kerbs allow surface water to run off quickly into appropriate drainage systems. They are often manufactured to fit standard kerb profiles, so...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Grass / gravel pavers and meshes – a guidance article
    Introduction Grass and gravel pavers and meshes balance three important surfacing requirements in varying degrees: the need for an attractive ground surface, either with a natural accent, with a grass, natural stone aggregate or gravel finish, or to co-ordinate with the paving and architectural design of the wider scheme; the need to protect a...
    Guidance, 14 January 2015
  • Introduction to feature stones and boulders
    Stones and boulders are used to create a variety of landscaping features, from small rockery beds and plant borders in residential gardens, to pools and feature stones in commercial and large-scale landscaping projects. Different stone types, such as sandstone, limestone, slate, granite and marble, can be used to achieve a look that matches the...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to tiered planters
    Tiered planters are used in streetscapes, on roundabouts, and in parks and public gardens to create cascading flower displays. They feature a series of layered plant containers, arranged vertically, so that a large flower display can be created in a relatively small space. They will typically incorporate a self-watering system to minimise...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to road / street / amenity lighting
    Street and amenity lights are used in external design schemes to provide ambient lighting for roads and highways, as well as public areas such as squares, pedestrian walkways, bridges and parks. Co-ordinated lighting suites featuring street lamps, wall lights and low-level lighting allow landscape architects and urban designers to use matching...
    Guidance, 07 December 2012
  • Introduction to balance beams / stepping posts
    Beams, posts and wobble bridges are great for developing balance and co-ordination in a playground setting. Stepping posts of different heights, balancing ropes with handrails, rotating or static logs and beams, and wobbly clatter-bridges can all form part of a fitness trail, or be used as stand-alone pieces. In specifying play equipment, it is...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to rockers / springers
    Rockers and springies are pieces of equipment that promote balance and active play, primarily for younger children. Single-seat springers often come in brightly coloured animal shapes and allow small children and toddlers to rock by themselves. Two- or four-way springers have more of a seesaw effect and let several friends play together. Sit-in...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to irrigation equipment
    Irrigation systems assist with landscape and sports field maintenance, as well as crop establishment in agriculture. Systems range from cost-efficient temporary systems to fully automated systems, and include drip, sprinkler and rotary configurations. Drip pipe systems facilitate trickle irrigation, where water slowly drips to the root of the...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to climbing frames / nets
    Climbing frames, towers and nets form popular elements of many playgrounds. The climbing equipment can be designed for specific age ranges, from pre-school and early primary children to pre-teens and teenagers. Made from timber, rope, metal or plastic, the equipment can have a traditional, natural or even futuristic appearance, depending on the...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to kerbs
    Kerbs are used to edge paving, delineate paved areas and provide drainage channels on highways, streets, hardstandings, driveways and other hard landscaping schemes. Textured / stone kerbs have architecturally sensitive designs and finishes. Natural stone and reconstituted stone aggregates are used to make kerbs suitable for conservation areas in...
    Guidance, 14 January 2015
  • Introduction to hydroseeding
    Hydroseeding, also known as hydraulic mulch seeding or hydro-mulching, is a planting process that involves spraying a mix of seed, mulch, fertilisers and binders on to a substrate. The substrate can vary from topsoil down to rough rocky faces. Hydroseeding is an alternative to broadcasting or sowing dry seed, and is chosen when conventional...
    Guidance, 20 February 2013
  • Introduction to rootzone reinforcement
    Rootzone reinforcement products make natural grass surfaces more resilient and healthy, and also fit them for times of unusually heavy traffic or use. As such, areas with reinforced turf are high performing, long lasting, easy to maintain and flexible for alternative uses. Typical applications include overspill car parks, public footpaths...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to interpretation signs
    Interpretation signs provide detailed, customised displays of local information. They often incorporate text, maps and graphic illustrations unique to public parks, countryside trails, wildlife walks, historical town centres and heritage sites. Manufacturers typically provide in-house graphic design, colour printing and production services, while...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012