Ground Engineering, Hard Landscaping, Traffic Control, Leisure & Recreation, Soft Landscaping
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  • Introduction to gabions
    Gabions are used in the construction of retaining walls. They are modular and can be stacked in various configurations, as well as draining freely and allowing vegetation to grow. Made from either woven wire or welded wire, gabions are filled with rock, rubble or broken concrete, allowing waste materials to be re-used and diverted away from...
    Guidance, 24 November 2014
  • Introduction to garden lighting
    Garden lighting is specified by garden designers, landscapers and exterior lighting designers. It can be incorporated as part of an overall garden design. Spotlights and recessed uplights are used to create decorative lighting effects that can highlight a path or landscaped area, or draw attention to a tree or other feature. The objective is often...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to recessed ground lighting
    Recessed ground lighting is used in urban areas, around buildings and in gardens to provide attractive uplighting. The light fittings are buried in the ground, flush with the surface, giving an unobtrusive finish. Recessed uplights are available in circular, square or linear shapes, which can be used creatively to complement landscape designs...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to automatic rising bollards
    Automatic rising bollards are used to control traffic flow and vehicle access to car parks, buildings and sensitive sites. Operation Retractable bollards are powered using hydraulic or pneumatic units. Manufacture Telescopic bollards are constructed using heavy-duty impact resistant materials. They are typically finished with steel or stainless...
    Guidance, 22 November 2014
  • Introduction to tree grilles
    Tree grilles fit in paving schemes to secure tree roots, protect them from vehicle or pedestrian damage, and help irrigate them. They are used for tree protection and urban greening in commercial spaces and public landscapes, by roads and on pedestrianised concourses. Square and round frames and grids come in diverse geometrical patterns and...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to cycle racks
    Cycle racks are designed to hold bikes in place for parking, as well as making efficient use of storage space. They are used in schools, workplaces and busy urban commuter areas such as rail and bus stations. Horizontal racks hold the wheel of the cycle in place, and some include integral locking systems or another structure to lock the bike...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to external noticeboards
    External noticeboards include display cases, poster cases and bulletin boards for use in town centres, village squares, parks, schools and other exterior public spaces. Steel, stainless steel and aluminium noticeboards can draw on traditional or contemporary designs to match the surrounding architecture and other street furniture elements. They...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to landscaping
    Landscape contractors carry out the construction, design and planning of external spaces, from business parks, public amenity sites and pedestrianised shopping concourses to private estates, historic gardens and social housing developments. Hard landscaping includes paving and wall construction, ground engineering and preparation, site clearance...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to stone quarries
    Stone quarries supply natural building materials to the construction industry, stone specifiers, homebuilders, landscapers, the commercial sector and major contractors. Products range from paving and cladding for public and commercial spaces and buildings, to flooring, fireplaces, worktops and ornamental stonework for residences. Masonry...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to architectural metalwork
    Architectural metalwork services involve the fabrication or restoration of metal items, particularly external products such as gates, railings and balustrades. Historic ironwork can be replicated economically using forged steel, allowing the appearance of real wrought iron to be achieved. For restoration projects, cast iron, genuine wrought iron...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to ball courts
    Sports courts can incorporate goals and markings that are suitable for specific sports – such as football, tennis, volleyball, basketball and hockey – or can accommodate different combinations of sports. This makes for a multi-use games area, or MUGA. Popular additions to playgrounds and parks, or used in school grounds, they can be specified as...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to interpretation signs
    Interpretation signs provide detailed, customised displays of local information. They often incorporate text, maps and graphic illustrations unique to public parks, countryside trails, wildlife walks, historical town centres and heritage sites. Manufacturers typically provide in-house graphic design, colour printing and production services, while...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to post and rail
    Post and rail products co-ordinate with wider street furniture schemes while acting as pedestrian barriers and guardrails at the side of roads. Cast iron and steel products come in a range of traditional profiles, well suited to town centres or marina / waterfront developments. Crests, coats of arms, logos or other insignia can be cast in to help...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to mortars
    Mortars are used in masonry to fill the gaps between stones, bricks, blocks and pavers, as well as bedding them in and binding them together. Originally, mortars consisted of mud and clay, but are now commonly made from sand, water, and a cement or lime binder. They can also be based on epoxy resins or other resins. Rapid-setting mortars harden...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to tree guards
    Tree guards protect trees planted in urban areas from damage caused by vehicles, bicycles and animals. They can be manufactured from steel tubing for a functional, plain aesthetic; cast iron for a more traditional look; or using a combination of timber and stainless steel for a decorative, contemporary aesthetic. They can be produced in square...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012